Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease claimed 3.0 million lives in 2016, while lung cancer (along with trachea and bronchus cancers) caused 1.7 million deaths. Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 – 2013. 2015;10(5):e0127827. Addis Ababa: UNFPA; 2012. 2014;2(6):e323–33. Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading HIV-associated opportunistic infection in low- and middle- income countries, and it is a leading cause of death globally among people living with HIV. CDC’s technical support activities include investigation of malaria vector insecticide resistance, investigation of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets durability, and continued support of Ethiopian health staff enrolled in FETPs. PLoS One. As a key implementing agency of the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), CDC works with Ethiopia to deliver quality and high-impact HIV interventions to accelerate progress towards the UNAIDS global targets to control the HIV epidemic. Google Scholar. Lower respiratory infections remained … Global, regional, and national incidence and mortality for HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Percentage of maternal deaths by causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia in 2013. Maternal death was defined as “the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of duration and site of pregnancy from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy and its management, but not from incidental or accidental causes” [43]p98. Article  Diarrhoea is a leading killer of children, accounting for approximately 8 per cent of all deaths among children under age 5 worldwide in 2017. et al. Furthermore, the national HIV prevalence has shown a decline in the general population including pregnant women [53]. Terms and Conditions, Int J Gynaecol Obstet. Introduction. Causes of deaths at Ethiopian hospitals – study November 2, 2013 – EthiopianReview.com — Comments ↓ Ethiopia is encountering a growing burden of non-communicable diseases along with infectious diseases, perinatal and nutritional problems that have long been considered major problems of public health importance. In 2013, the top five causes of maternal mortality included other direct maternal causes such as anaesthesia, embolism (air, amniotic fluid, and blood clot), and the condition of peripartum cardiomyopathy, complications of abortions, maternal haemorrhage, hypertensive disorders, and maternal sepsis and other maternal infections such as Influenza, malaria, tuberculosis and hepatitis. GAT analyzed and interpreted the data and wrote the manuscript. Trends in Maternal Healthin Ethiopia: Challenges in achieving the MDG for maternal mortalityIndepth Analysisof the EDHS 2000-2011. There was a minimal but insignificant change of MMR over the last 23 years. Prevalence and causes of vision loss in China from 1990 to 2019: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. Sources: The greatest reductions in all-cause mortality rate were Bull World Health Organ. Article  These complex and interlinked factors can be characterised by the three delays model [29]. Therefore, Ethiopia uses a “one health” approach to its GHSA activities by bringing together human and animal health partners, recognizing that the health of people is connected to the health of animals and the environment. Cite this article. Summary of research findings. Int J Equity Health. Background: Worldwide diarrheal disease is the second leading cause of death in under-five year's children. Global Buden of Disease Study 2013: Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013) Results by Location, Cause, and Risk Factor. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. This study aimed to assess the prevalence, causes, and regional distribution of vision impairment and blindness in China in 1990 and 2019. Measuring maternal mortality is difficult in low-income countries because of limited registration of births and deaths [35]. Trends of maternal mortality by maternal age, Ethiopia, 1990–2013. 2013;10:43. volume 17, Article number: 160 (2017) Principal Causes of Death Ischaemic heart diseases remains as the principal causes of death In 2017, the per cent of deaths caused by €Ischaemic heart diseases was 13.9 per cent, followed by Pneumonia (12.7%), Cerebrovascular diseases (7.1%), Transport accidents (4.6%) and Malignant neoplasm of trachea, bronchus and lung (2.3%). The 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) is the fourth survey implemented by the… National Strategy for Newborn and Child Survival in Ethiopia Ethiopia has made impressive progress through achiving many of the national and global health indicators… View selected causes of death and population dynamics for Myanmar including Life Expectancy by age and history, age adjusted death rates and world rankings for the top 50 causes and total deaths by cause. Diarrheal diseases account for 1 in 9 child deaths worldwide, making diarrhea the second leading cause of death among children under the age of 5. This study found that the major causes of maternal mortality were other direct maternal causes such as anaesthesia, embolism (air, amniotic fluid, and blood clot), and the condition of peripartum cardiomyopathy followed by complications of abortion. PubMed Central  Ethiopia is particularly vulnerable to the effects of zoonotic diseases, especially anthrax, brucellosis, and rabies. Studies done in pastoralist women are almost few. Availability and components of maternity services according to providers and users perspectives in North Gondar, northwest Ethiopia. 2003;81(10):717–25. STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA v P0309.3 Mortality and causes of death in South Africa, 2017: Findings from death notification Appendix P2: The ten leading underlying natural causes of death by district municipality of death Trends and causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia during 1990–2013: findings from the Global Burden of Diseases study 2013. Yaya Y, Eide KT, Norheim OF, Lindtjorn B. Maternal and neonatal mortality in south-west Ethiopia: estimates and socio-economic inequality. Over the different time periods since 1990, the highest rate of maternal mortality as measured through MMR occurred in the age group 20 and 39 years. This minimal change in maternal mortality is likely due to the high proportion of deliveries occurred at home. This is inconsistent with two reviews which reported that abortion related complications and obstructed labor/uterine rupture accounted for the top leading causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia [19, 50]. CDC provides expertise and support across the 11 technical areas known as GHSA action packages. The major causes of maternal deaths in Ethiopia are those observed in other developing countries: infection, hemorrhage, obstructed labor, abortion, and hypertension during pregnancy. Most of the maternal mortality happened during the postpartum period and majority of the deaths occurred at the age group of 20–29 years. In a rural population in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, HIV-related illness (including tuberculosis) accounted for 50% deaths [ 22 ]. 2006. Melaku YA, Weldearegawi B, Tesfay FH, Abera SF, Abraham L, Aregay A, Ashebir Y, Eshetu F, Haile A, Lakew Y, et al. Fig. Privacy Secondly, as indicated in the large gaps in the 95% uncertainty intervals, the estimate was made on relatively smaller sample size. Article  Accessed 10 April 2016. Health Sector Development Programme IV (2010/11 - 2014/15). Mixed effects linear regression and Spatio-temporal Gaussian Process Regression (ST-GPR) were applied while predicting the mortality rate and mortality fractions [45]. This is suggestive of the need for rigorous efforts in terms of improving facility delivery and women’s access to emergency obstetric care services. Between October 2017 and October 2018, 13,707 HIV-positive pregnant women were identified, and 100% were receiving lifelong ART in CDC-supported sites to improve their survival and to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. One-year operational assessment in Ethiopia. The findings of the study highlight the need for comprehensive efforts using multisectoral collaborations from stakeholders for reducing maternal mortality in Ethiopia. 2). Worku AG, Yalew AW, Afework MF. 2008;6:12. Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. statement and HIV is a leading cause of death and a health threat to millions worldwide. The leading risk factor in Ethiopia is childhood underweight. In Ethiopia, the majority of deaths occur at home and civil registration systems are not yet functional. Trends and Causes of Under-five Deaths in Ethiopia, 2010-2014 Background: Globally, under-five mortality rate has declined by 53%, from an estimated rate of 91 in 1990 to 43 in 2015 deaths per 1000 live births. Eclampsia is the leading cause of maternal mortality in our setup. Murray CJ, Ortblad KF, Guinovart C, Lim SS, Wolock TM, Roberts DA, Dansereau EA, Graetz N, Barber RM, Brown JC, et al. Trend of HIV prevalence among pregnant women attending Antenatal Care Unit of Bishoftu Hospital, Ethiopia. A total of 939,520 people died in Germany in 2019, of whom 465,885 were men and 473,635 women. Another 60 countries fell in the very low mortality strata, responsible for 2% of the global under-5 deaths. The present study has strengths due to use of robust methodology and multiple sources of data that enabled us to see the overtime trends of maternal mortality in Ethiopia. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. The modified UNAIDS EPP/SPECTRUM suite model was used to estimate HIV related maternal deaths. 2014;9(1):e83590. The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015. View selected causes of death and population dynamics for Ethiopia including Life Expectancy by age and history, age adjusted death rates and world rankings for the top 50 causes and total deaths by cause. CDC helped to build laboratory capacity to test human and animal samples and support surveillance system improvements. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. However, there are gender differences: 33% of all deaths among men were related to cancer, while this proportion was lower among women (24%). Since 2006, CDC has worked with the ministry of health to establish TB/HIV programs, now in almost 1,000 health facilities. PLoS ONE. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/194254/1/9789241565141_eng.pdf?ua=1 Accessed 10 Dec 2016. Addis Ababa October 15/2018 Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in Ethiopia, a microbiologist from Mekele University said. Why do women not deliver in health facilities: a qualitative study of the community perspectives in south central Ethiopia? Worku AG, Yalew AW, Afework MF. The leading causes in this stratum were congenital abnormalities, preterm birth complications, and injuries. Trends, causes, and risk factors of mortality among children under 5 in Ethiopia, 1990-2013: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 Popul Health Metr. FETPs train a workforce of field epidemiologists, —or disease detectives—to identify and contain outbreaks before they become epidemics. All authors assisted the design, assisted the data interpretation and critically reviewed the manuscript. For instance, while the GBD 2013 estimate employed several sources of data, the studies in the northern and southwest Ethiopia were solely based on verbal autopsy. Pneumonia is the leading cause of child mortality 5.4 million children under five years old died in 2017. Renewed focus will be given to scaling-up TB preventive therapy, with the goal of reaching 90% coverage and completion rates among people living with HIV who are enrolled in care. 2013;51(3):169–76. CDC works closely with Ethiopia’s Federal Ministry of Health and other partners to address HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, and other infectious diseases. As part of the Health Sector Transformation Plan (HSTP), Ethiopia aspires to reduce MMR to 177 death per 100,000 LB in 2020 [32]. Health Extension Workers' and Mothers' Attitudes to Maternal Health Service Utilization and Acceptance in Adwa Woreda, Tigray Region, Ethiopia. CDC also supports the Ethiopia Public Health Institute to strengthen disease detection and response functions and to implement an integrated strategic plan for the nation’s laboratories. Cancer is the leading cause of death in France, accounting for 28.5% of all deaths in 2014, followed by cardiovascular diseases, which accounted for 25%. More than a third of newborn deaths are due to preterm birth complications, which is the leading cause of death. It becomes difficult as maternal mortality is relatively a rare event besides the challenge in avoiding the technical problems related to bias and the high demand of cost to carrying out sufficiently large surveys to measure the rate per unit time or per birth with reasonable precision [36, 37]. Trends of maternal mortality ratio in Ethiopia, 1990–2013. In response to delay two, along with other strategies, the Ethiopian government introduced an innovative free ambulance services in providing ambulances in every rural district that can serve the communities on 24–hours, 7–days basis to transfer any woman in labour or experiencing other obstetric difficulties to the appropriate health facility [31]. Norway, a country in northern Europe, is known for its beautiful landscapes and happy population.While the country is commonly mentioned as one of the happiest countries in the world, it too faces the plight of disease just like the rest of the world. The reasons for low maternal health services utilization were related to range of factors such as women’s sociodemographic factors, cultural factors, communal factors, limited access to health facilities, and poor quality of care in health facilities [25,26,27,28]. Causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia: a significant decline in abortion related death. "We are seeing an extraordinary number of new cases a day and that’s a pretty frightening position to be in," said LaBaer. FETP fellows have responded to recent outbreaks of cholera, yellow fever, pertussis, guinea worm, and measles. More than 50% of all maternal deaths were from just six countries: Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Afghanistan, ... For instance, though postpartum haemorrhage persisted in being the leading cause of maternal death from 2008 to 2013, in 2014 however, the leading cause of maternal death was hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Ethiopia: Democide, the leading cause of death by the Totalitarian government in Ethiopia continues HRLHA Urgent Action February 13, 2018 The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) condemns… 2014;14:354. Modeling causes of death: an integrated approach using CODEm. This infection accounts for 10 percent of deaths each year. © 2021 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. [http://phe-ethiopia.org/admin/uploads/attachment-721-HSDP%20IV%20Final%20Draft%2011Octoberr%202010.pdf]. In GBD 2013 study, the underlying aetiologies assumed for other direct maternal causes were complications of anaesthesia, embolism (air, amniotic fluid, and blood clot), and the condition of peripartum cardiomyopathy. 2013;17(2):230–9. As of December 2018, 372 fellows  graduated from the advanced track of the Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP), reaching 70% of the GHSA target. Accessed 11 June 2016. More than 60 percent of infant and 40 percent of under-five deaths in Ethiopia are neonatal Overall trend showed that there was a decline from 708 per 100,000 LB in 1990 to 497 per 100,000 LB in 2013, with a small increase in 2005. BACKGROUND: Unsafe abortion is the leading cause of maternal death in Ethiopia. PubMed Central  The datasets used for this study are publicly available from the GBD compare website [https://vizhub.healthdata.org/gbd-compare/]. AD assisted the analysis. Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death for people living with HIV. Mahler H. The safe motherhood initiative: a call to action. In this respect, the roles of Health Extension Workers (HEW) and Women’s Developmental Army (WDA) were vital in terms of organising women’s use of skilled birth attendance by arranging ambulance services and timely referral of labouring mothers to health facilities [59]. Assessing coverage, equity and quality gaps in maternal and neonatal care in sub-saharan Africa: an integrated approach. CSA [Ethiopia] and ORC Macro. In this regard, the EDHS 2016 report pointed to high rates of maternal mortality in these specific age categories [10]. The findings of the study highlights the need for comprehensive efforts using multisectoral collaborations from stakeholders in reducing maternal mortality in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa October 15/2018 Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in Ethiopia, a microbiologist from Mekele University said. Ethiopia: Democide, the leading cause of death by the Totalitarian government in Ethiopia continues . Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Health Survey 2014. Katz J, West Jr KP, Khatry SK, Christian P, LeClerq SC, Pradhan EK, Shrestha SR. Risk factors for early infant mortality in Sarlahi district, Nepal. PLoS One. However, the study had some limitations. Thank you. Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform. These findings call for better-integrated newborn and child survival interventions focusing on the main risk factors. 2012;10:1. ; 2014. 2015;10(4):e0124718. Lancet (London, England). Through the establishment of a Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP), CDC supports Ethiopia in strengthening the capacity of its workforce to investigate and respond to disease outbreaks. The neighbourhood method for measuring differences in maternal mortality, infant mortality and other rare demographic events. The trend in the last 23 years revealed that the contribution of obstructed labour followed similar pace. BMC Public Health In summary, Kassabaum and Colleagues [5] reported that various data sources were explored including sibling histories from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), censuses, maternal mortality surveillance, and verbal autopsy analyses covering women of reproductive age. PubMed  Three levels of training—advanced, intermediate, and frontline—help develop national, regional, and local capabilities to stop diseases at their source. Article  Roro MA, Hassen EM, Lemma AM, Gebreyesus SH, Afework MF. CDC’s global health security efforts in Ethiopia help the country improve its ability to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious disease outbreaks before they become epidemics that could affect global populations. 2 As the visualization shows, pneumonia is the leading cause of child mortality globally and has been the leading cause … Background . PLoS One. Ethiop Med J. Multilevel modeling of Ethiopian National Demographic and Health Survey data. This study aimed to investigate the trends and causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia between 1990 and 2013. For instance, the infant and under-five survival is highly correlated with child nutrition and other important child health care practices demanding maternal involvement [12]. Additionally, obesity rates are rising, especially in children, where the rate has grown more than 50% since 2001. While there has been a reduction in the MMR in Ethiopia over the last 23 years, the annual rate of reduction is far lower than targets set. While malnutrition is the leading cause of the high mortality, suspected measles is compounding the problem. More than half of maternal deaths occur in fragile and humanitarian settings. In terms of the timing of maternal death, the postpartum period accounted for the highest number of deaths over the last 23 years, whereas the late postpartum period (42 days to one year) accounted the least number of maternal deaths. The U.S. government’s support has positioned Ethiopia for malaria elimination in more than 230 districts nationally. J Glob Health. It was the principal cause of death for males in Malaysia with 12,510 deaths (17.8%) while for females, the principal cause of death was pneumonia with 6,033 deaths (12.8%), it said. Covid-19 was likely the third leading cause of death in the United States in 2020, according to statisticians at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4071-8, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4071-8. Ischemic Heart Disease Known as the most common cause of death in the Western … Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 – 2015. United Nations. 2016;388(10053):1775–812. Most of the maternal mortality occurred during the postpartum period and majority of the deaths occurred at the age groups of 20–25 and 25–29 years in 2013. The high number of maternal deaths in some areas of the world reflects inequities in access to health services, and highlights the gap between rich and poor. Addis Ababa and Calverton: CSA [Ethiopia] and ORC Macro; 2006. The leading causes of death in Croatia are ischemic heart disease, stroke, Alzheimer's, and lung cancer. Understanding the causes and factors contributing to neonatal deaths is needed to identify interventions that will reduce mortality. BACKGROUND: Neonatal deaths now account for 47% of all deaths in children younger than 5 years globally. Based on provisional data, Covid was the leading cause of death for 2020. Unlike these studies, the GBD study provides a unique opportunity for its use of standardised methodology using several sources of data. Unlike in 1990, the MMR was reduced among 30–35 years 35–39 age groups in 2013. Stanton C, Abou-Zahr C, Abou-Zahr C, Murray CJL, R... The CODEm model was employed to group the covariate and enable computation child every. 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