In 1991 agricultural land in the delta surpassed 100,000 hectares, and more than a third of its surface has been affected by crop cultivation, forest plantation, or pisciculture. (From US$168.78) Private Day Trip To Danube Delta And Mila 23 Village From Bucharest (From US$187.54) It is also the major site for two threatened species, the … The Danube Delta falls within the Pannonian steppe ecosystem of eastern Europe, with Mediterranean influences. As a result, the length of the Sulina arm was reduced from 92 to 64 km, and its flow more than doubled, thus making it suitable for large-vessel navigation. On the map you easily locate the available hotels near to a touristic attraction from Danube Delta. After later invasion by the Goths, the region changed hands many times. It is an environment rich in plankton, worms, molluscs, grubs, and sponges, with numerous species of fish, such as the carp, pike, pike perch, sheat-fish, and freshwater sturgeons (sterlet, Vyza and Danube mackerel). The mean annual temperature is 11 °C (−1 °C in January and 22 °C in July), with mean precipitation between 400 mm/year and 300 mm/year, decreasing from west to east. Evaporation is around 1,000 mm/year, amplified by strong and frequent winds, resulting in long periods of drought in the summer. Fauna of this region include the meadow viper (Vipera ursinii), osprey (Pandion haliaetus), and Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo), etc. Several other internal lobes were constructed in the lakes and lagoons bordering the Danube Delta to the north (Chilia I and II) and toward the south (Dunavatz). Danube Delta. The last two branches form the Tulcea channel, which continues as a single body for several kilometers after the separation from the Chilia. ... European Map European Countries Danube River Cruise Danube Delta Bratislava Travel Information Byzantine Czech Republic Oceans. Both these increases were made to the detriment of the Chilia arm, which at present remains the most unspoiled arm of the main three. The greater part of the Danube Delta lies in Romania (Tulcea county), while its northern … Musura Gulf, north of Sulina, and Saint George Gulf are considered the most representative of this type of ecosystem. See all nearby attractions. Sunset in Danube Delta 3. Images&Info Comments. In 1998, under UNESCO's Programme on Man and the Biosphere, the 6,264.03 km2 of the Danube Delta were established as a biosphere reserve, shared by Romania and Ukraine. Very few of those born in the region stay there through adulthood; at the same time, the origins of its inhabitants vary widely, as people from many parts of Romania can be found in the delta. In 1991, the Romanian part of the Danube Delta became part of UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites. It hosts 23 natural ecosystems, but due to the extent of wetlands an aquatic environment is prevalent; a terrestrial environment is also present on the higher grounds of the continental levees, where xerophile ecosystems have developed. You can zoom in and click on those pelicans to find out more about each location. The Danube Delta is an important refuge for many species of animals, mostly birds, being one of the richest areas in terms of biodiversity in Europe. Although the first modern agricultural exploitation dates from 1939 (Ostrovul Tãtaru), only after 1960 were large areas drained and converted, to the detriment of the wetlands. Danube Delta Map - Northern Dobruja, Romania - … The city of Tulcea, at the western edge of the delta, has a population of 92,000 (in 2002); it represents the node of the region and the gate to the delta. Probably the Last Natural Paradise In Europe, For a nice presentation of the Danube Delta and of some of the traditional dishes, check out the, Get Ready to do Windsurfing in Danube Delta. The total population has remained more or less constant throughout the 20th century; there were 12,000 inhabitants in the 1890s, and 14,000 before the Second World War. Portului 34 A, Tulcea Telephone: 0240 518.945 E-mail: arbdd@ddbra.ro www.ddbra.ro The Danube delta hosts over 300 species of birds as well as 45 freshwater fish species in its numerous lakes and marshes. Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 To be more specific, it is in the Tulcea county of Romania. Tulcea is a natural base for delta cruises, guided nature hikes and birdwatching. With the lagoons of Razim–Sinoe (1,015 km2 (392 sq mi) with 865 km2 (334 sq mi) water surface), located south of the main delta, the total area of the Danube Delta is 5,165 km2 (1,994 sq mi). Learn how and when to remove this template message, International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River, Danube Delta - UNESCO World Heritage Centre, "Comments From Ancient Deforestation, a Delta Is Born", "Early Anthropogenic Transformation of the Danube-Black Sea System", http://www.whoi.edu/news-release/maintaining_deltas, Dacian Fortresses of the Orăștie Mountains, Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania, Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe, National Conservation Areas of Nature in Ukraine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Danube_Delta&oldid=996574773, Protected areas of the Pontic–Caspian steppe, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2015, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 12:27. The maze of canals … The East Asian raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides), bizam/introduced muskrat (Ondatra zibethica), and to some extent South American nutria (Myocastor coypus), are recent species that have successfully adapted. Occasionally, the willow trees form corridors along the arms and bigger channels of the Danube. Danube Delta Private Day Tour from Bucharest (From $241.09) 4-Day Danube Delta Tour: Stay At the Fisherman's house (From $497.02) Trips Danube Delta with bout Camely (hidrobuz) departures from Tulcea port. Giosan et al., 2006, Young Danube delta documents stable Black Sea level since the middle Holocene: Morphodynamic, paleogeographic, and archaeological implications. Beautiful Shots of Pelicans in Danube Delta and Greece, The last five posts on the Romanian version of the site. The modern Danube Delta began to form after 4000 BCE in a bay of the Black Sea when the sea rose to its present level. [adsense]In a land where the landscape that is continuously changing, you really want to know where you’re going. Sulina, the central and thus the shortest arm, which consequently led to its extensive use for traffic and severe transformation. The Danube Delta is perhaps the least inhabited region of temperate Europe. As a result of these changes, along with the increasing pollution and eutrophication of the waters of the Danube, and decades of exploitation and poor fishing regulations, the fish population has been visibly reduced. Below I set up a map that will help you get a better image of the Danube Delta. The Treaty of Paris of 1856, which ended the Crimean War, assigned the Danube Delta to the Ottoman Empire and established an international commission which undertook a series of works to help navigation. Vegetation of this ecosystem consists of the common reed (Phragmites communis) and, on near river banks, mace reed/cattail (Typha latifolia, Typha angustifolia), sedge (Carex dioica, Carex stricta), Dutch rush (Scirpus radicans, Schoenoplectus lacustris), and brook mint (Mentha aquatica), etc. In 1812, following the Russo-Turkish War, the borders of the Ottoman and Russian Empires were set by the Kilia and Old Stambul Channels of the Danube, and in 1829 by the St George Channel. (From USD 166.33) Private Day Trip To Danube Delta And Mila 23 Village From Bucharest (From USD 184.81) It consists of an intricate pattern of marshes, channels, streamlets and lakes. Under the presidency of Kuchma, Ukraine had responded that Romania was only afraid of the competition that the new channel would bring, and continued working on the channel. Chilia, in the north, the longest, youngest, and most vigorous, with two secondary internal deltas and one microdelta in full process of formation at its mouth (to Ukraine). Finding that was like a eureka moment.[7]. The Danube Delta (Romanian: Delta Dunării pronounced [ˈdelta ˈdunərij]; Ukrainian: Дельта Дунаю, romanized: Del'ta Dunayu) is the largest river delta in the European Union. Nearby attractions include The Danube Delta Museum (1.0 km), Muzeul de Etnografie Si Arta Populara - Tulcea / Ethnographic and Folk Art Museum - Tulcea (0.9 km), and Tulcea Art Museum (0.9 km). Start in Bucharest, then head to the Black Sea. Recorded history notes that the Dacians lived in the Danube Delta before it was conquered by the Romans. Just before reaching the sea it forms the second largest and best preserved of Europe's deltas: 2,200 square miles of rivers, canals, marshes, tree-fringed lakes and reed islands. In Ukraine, the Danube branch of the Black Sea State Reserve was established in 1973. At its mouth is located the main port and a single settlement with urban characteristics of the Romanian part of the delta. [adsense]In a land where the landscape that is continuously changing, you really want to know where you’re going. Islands, A series of articles on control of the Danube, in chronological order. There are over 320 species of birds found in the delta during summer,[11] of which 166 are hatching species and 159 are migratory. There are around 20,000 people living in the Delta, out of which almost 75% live in remote villages, making the average … The Razim–Sinoe lagoon complex is geologically and ecologically related to the delta proper and the combined territory is listed as a World Heritage Site. Large-scale works began in the Danube Delta as early as the second half of the 19th century. Detailed coverage of the Danube River in its entirety. Sulina channel 2. [2] The greater part of the Danube Delta lies in Romania (Tulcea County), with a small part in Ukraine (Odessa Oblast). The Danube delta hosts over 300 species of birds as well as 45 freshwater fish species in its numerous lakes and marshes. Danube Delta has been recognized as one of the most important ecological destinations in Europe, supporting a huge number of rare flora and fauna. Danube Map. The Danube Delta is a UNESCO World Heritage site in Dobruja, in the far eastern corner of Romania, at the border with Ukraine. At the contact between freshwater and sea water, some special physical, chemical and biological processes take place, which have led biologists to consider this area as a very different ecosystem called beforedelta. The Danube Delta (Romanian: Delta Dunării, pronounced [ˈdelta ˈdunərij] (listen); Ukrainian: Дельта Дунаю, romanized: Deľta Dunaju, pronounced [delʲˈtɑ dʊnɐˈju]) is the second largest river delta in Europe, after the Volga Delta, and is the best preserved on the continent. The waters of the Danube, which flow into the Black Sea, form the largest and best preserved of Europe's deltas. Upon filling the bay with sediment, the delta advanced outside this barrier-blocked estuary after 3500 BCE, building several successive lobes:[5] the St. George I (3500–1600 BCE), the Sulina (1600–0 BCE), the St. George II (0 BC–present) and the Chilia or Kilia (1600 CE–present). At present, the delta suffers from a large sediment deficit, after the construction of dams on the Danube and its tributaries in the later half of the 20th century. The mighty Danube River flows 1,788 miles from its springs in Germany's Black Forest to the Black Sea. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Danube Delta is the largest continuous marshland in Europe and a critical site for bird conservation. Danube Delta (Romania) – Environmentally-sensitive tourism With a length of 2,850 kilometres, the Danube is the second-longest river in Europe (after the Volga with 3,688 kilometres). A land forever young, forever changing, the Danube Delta is a magic place, unique in Europe. The Danube Delta (Romanian: Delta Dunării; Ukrainian: Дельта Дунаю, Del'ta Dunaju) is the second largest delta in Europe, after the Volga Delta, and is the best preserved on the continent . The northwest winds cause frequent storms in spring and autumn. Enisala castle 1. The entire delta covers an area of 4152 Km2, of which 3446 km2 is present in Romania. This environment includes the lakes, and various ponds, streamlets and channels. The Danube branches into three main distributaries into the delta, Chilia, Sulina, and Sfântul Gheorghe (Saint George). Required fields are marked *. Mila 23 Green Village Where is the Danube Delta & How to Reach If you see the map of Romania, the absolute east part is where the Danube River forms its delta. The plaur are a mixture of reed roots, grass and soil, usually floating or anchored to the riverbed. Situated on major migratory routes, and providing adequate conditions for nesting and hatching, the Danube Delta is a magnet for birds from six major ecoregions of the world, including the Mongolian, Arctic and Siberian. It seemed so far removed from the other parts of Romania and a place I could go to for a relaxing holiday, work a little on my laptop, and chill out in one of the most beautiful places in Romania. The Tourist Information Centre provides maps, brochures and information on accommodations and restaurants in Tulcea as well as trips to the Danube Delta. This place is alive! It is characterized by a rich floating and submerse flora (Myriophyllum, Ceratophyllum, Vallisneria etc., under the water; Nymphaea alba, Nuphar lutea, Trapa natans, Alisma plantago etc., floating plants with roots near the lakes' borders; and Salvinia natans, Stratiotes aloides, Spirogyra etc., floating plants without roots, having negative effect for aquatic bioproductivity). Historically, in Romania, part of the Danube Delta was marked as a reserve in 1938. A good map is indispensible when you want  to make the most of your Danube Delta holiday. Iordachi, Constantin, Van Assche, Kristof (2014) The Bio-Politics of the Danube Delta. Danube Delta Private Day Tour from Bucharest (From US$241.09) 4-Day Danube Delta Tour: Stay At the Fisherman's house (From US$497.02) Trips Danube Delta with bout Camely (hidrobuz) departures from Tulcea port. [6] Much of the alluvium in the delta and major expansion of its surface area in the form of lobes resulted from soil erosion associated with the clearing of forests in the Danube basin during the 1st and 2nd millennium. Follow the route of the River Danube from Germany to the Black Sea. On the levees of Letea and Caraorman, mixed forests of oak (Quercus robur, Quercus pedunculiflora) with various trees (Fraxinus pallisae, Ulmus foliacea, Populus tremula), shrubs (Prunus spinosa, Crataegus monogyna, Rosa canina, Berberis vulgaris etc. However, construction of a dense network of shallow channels in the delta over the same period attenuated the deficit on the delta plain but increased erosion along the coast[9][10] The Danube Delta is a low alluvial plain, mostly covered by wetlands and water. 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