The city is exposed to heatwaves. The local government gives incentives for new units by foregoing taxes for a few initial years of establishment. Jammu may refer to: India: Category:Jammu (city) Category:Jammu district; Category:Jammu division; Category:Jammu and Kashmir; Category:Jammu and Kashmir (union territory) Pakistan: Category:Azad Kashmir (formally Azad Jammu and Kashmir) Média dans la catégorie « Jammu » Cette catégorie comprend 23 fichiers, dont les 23 ci-dessous. Jammu est une ville indienne, capitale d'hiver du territoire de l'Union du Jammu-et-Cachemire, Srinagar étant la capitale d'été. [32], The Jammu city and the Jammu district had a significant Muslim population prior to the Partition of India, 37 per cent by the 1941 census. Emperor Akbar brought the hill kingdoms of the region under Mughal suzerainty, but the kings enjoyed considerable political autonomy. Welcome to Jammu. Jammu et Cachemire \dʒa.mu e kaʃ.miʁ\ masculin invariable. Jammu city serves as the winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir state from November to April when all the offices move from Srinagar to Jammu. With the commencement of the Jammu–Baramulla line, all trains to the Kashmir Valley will pass through Jammu Tawi. [23], In 1818 Raja Kishore Singh Father of Raja Gulab Singh was appointed and anointed the ruler of Jammu Principality hence started the Jamwal Dynasty, aka Dogra dynasty, which came to rule the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir under British suzerainty. Dogri food specialties include ambal, khatta meat, kulthein di dal, dal patt, maa da madra, rajma, and auriya. It is the headquarters and the largest city in Jammu district of the union territory. 1421–1434). Après la partition de l'Inde, elle est restée la capitale de l'État puis du territoire de Jammu-et-Cachemire. Jammu-et-Cachemire (جموں و کشمیر) Information: Pays Inde: Capitale régionale Jammu (hiver) et Srinagar (été) Superficie 222 236 km ²: Population 12 548 926 hab. Jammu est la principale ville de la région de Jammu et son centre économique. It is approximately 600 kilometres (370 mi) from the national capital, New Delhi. Raja Bhim Dev is prominently mentioned in the Delhi chronicles as a supporter of Mubarah Shah (r. Samba Jila Vikas Parishad chunav sampann … After independence, it continued to be the state's winter capital till 2019, when Jammu and Kashmir was bifurcated into two union territories. Le Jammu-et-Cachemire était un État du nord de l'Inde. Among clouds.jpg 1 280 × 720 ; 445 Kio. Steaming hot compared to the rest of the state, Jammu is J&K's winter capital. About Jammu and Kashmir On August 5, 2019, there were sweeping constitutional changes pertaining to the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir. Jammu sur l’encyclopédie Wikipédia ; Anglais [modifier le wikicode] Étymologie [modifier le wikicode] De l’hindi जम्मू, jammū, en ourdou جموں, jammū. It is surrounded by the Shivalik range to the north, east, and southeast while the Trikuta Range surrounds it in the northwest. These minibusses are called "Matadors". Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) There are five bridges on the river. In winter dense smog causes much inconvenience and temperature even drops to 2 °C (36 °F). Jammu was founded by Raja Jambulochan in the 14th century BC who named it Jambupur. La Villa Jammu Africa mesure l’importance de la crise sanitaire actuelle et adapte l’accueil à la situation. 4:53. [36] The displaced Muslims took refuge in the Sialkot District and other parts of Pakistani Punjab. The largest city is Jammu. Hindus from Pakistan administered Jammu and Kashmir who migrated to India have also settled in Jammu city. Etat le plus au nord de l'Inde, Jammu et Cachemire est traversé par l'Himalaya. [19][20] Ranjit Dev promoted religious freedom and security, which attracted many craftsmen and traders to settle in Jammu, contributing to its economic prosperity. Jammu porte le surnom de ''ville des temples''. Celle-ci a d'ailleurs tendance à répondre uniquement en ourdou ou en anglais lorsque des requêtes sont adressées dans une langue régionale, la correspondance officielle étant généralement limitée à l'ourdou… These rulers are believed to have enjoyed almost independent status and allied themselves with the Sultans of Delhi. According to local tradition, Jammu is named after its founder, Raja Jambulochan, who is believed to have ruled the area in the 9th century. Jammu has historically been the capital of Jammu Province and the winter capital of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir (1846–1952). Inscrivez-vous sur Facebook pour communiquer avec Jammu Lakshmana Rao et d’autres personnes que vous pouvez connaître. 8.47% of the population were under 6 years of age. C'est le point de passage obligé pour accéder à la Vallée du Cachemire par train. Rohingyas who fled Myanmar during 2016 have also currently settled in Jammu. As per the records approximately 31,619 Hindu families had migrated from Pakistan administered Jammu and Kashmir to India, out of them 26,319 families are settled in Jammu. [11] The local tradition holds the city to be 3000 years old but this is not supported by historians.[12]. La ville est bâtie sur une série de crêtes de faible hauteur sur les collines de Shivalik, autour de la rivière Tawi. Au Ladakh, les températures descendent jusqu'à - 30 °C, en hiver, dans l… Jammu Airport operate daily 30 arrival and departure flights which is Goair, Air India, Spicejet and Indigo running daily flights. Le tourisme reste la principale activité de la ville. Jammu is the winter capital of the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Police had earlier arrested an overground worker of the Ansar Ghazwat-ul-Hind outfit from Pulwama district of Jammu and Kashmir. Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète. The rulers built large temples, renovated old shrines, built educational institutes and many more. The city has a number of small industries. December 28. National Highway 1B connects Jammu with Poonch town. Jammu cuisine features various chaats, especially gol gappas, kachalu, Chole bhature, gulgule, rajma kulche and dahi palla, among various others. In the Mughal chronicles of Babur in the early 16th century, Jammu is mentioned as a powerful state in the Punjab hills. 16 Janvier et conditions actuelles. On Thursday, through an order issued by the government, the Jammu and Kashmir cadre of the Indian Police Service, Indian Administrative Service and Indian Forest Service officially merged with the Union Territory cadre. En plus de meteo Gurung retrouvez également les prévisions meteo pour la région Jammu and Kashm?r Places of interest include old historic palaces like Mubarak Mandi Palace, Purani Mandi, Rani Park, Amar Mahal, Bahu Fort, Raghunath Temple, Ranbireshwar Temple, Karbala, Peer Meetha, Old city. Jalandhar - Pathankot - Jammu Tawi section has been doubled and electrified. from Kashmir Province to Jammu Province or vice-versa", "Jammu City Population Census 2011-2019 | Jammu and Kashmir", "Jammu Municipal Corporation Demographics", "Jammu & Kashmir (India): State, Major Agglomerations & Cities – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts", Chattha, Partition and its Aftermath 2009, Luv Puri, Across the Line of Control 2012, "As Jammu becomes home for refugees from four communities, govt has to deal with complex issue of rights", "BBC World Service | World Agenda - Give me land", "Demographic changes make Jammu a "Ticking Time Bomb, "Demographic changes in Assam, Bengal, J&K, Kerala aided rise of fundamentalist forces: Himanta", "Examining India's stance on the Rohingya crisis", "After intelligence inputs, forces were told to be on alert - Times of India ►", "Raja Ranjit Dev's Inclusive Policies and Politico-economic developments in Jammu", Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party, Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act, 1978, Jammu & Kashmir International Cricket Stadium, United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan, Indian Armed Forces and the Jammu and Kashmir floods, 2014, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jammu&oldid=1000972392, Municipal corporations in Jammu and Kashmir, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia extended-confirmed-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with missing country, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2020, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2015, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Jammu Municipal Corporation and Jammu Development Authority, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 16:56. [16] Babbapura (modern Babor) is another state mentioned in Rajatarangini, some of whose rulers occur in the Vamshavali (family chronicles) of later Jammu rulers. Vols pas chers depuis Madrid vers Jammu Recherchez et comparez le prix des vols vers Jammu parmi les compagnies et les agences de voyages Lying on the banks of the river Tawi, the city of Jammu, with an area of 240 km2 (93 sq mi),[3] is surrounded by the Himalayas in the north and the northern-plains in the south. Le rôle fonctionnel des autres langues importantes, comme le kashmiri ou le dogri, dans le domaine des communications écrites, est réduit au minimum, et uniquement pour les lettres personnelles reçues par l'Administration. The new Jammu Tawi station was opened in October 1972 and is an origination point for Express trains. Jammu Detectives is the best Private detective agency in Jammu, India since 1978. Jammu-et-Cachemire, territoire de l'Union de l'Inde depuis 2019. It is evident that the Mughal empire treated these hill chiefs as allies and partners in the empire. Jammu is known for its sund panjeeri, patisa, rajma with rice and Kalari cheese. Site officiel: Site touristique: modifier. Local taxis are also available. The state of Durgara (modern forms "Duggar" and "Dogra)") is also attested from around this time. Jammu city has a railway station called Jammu Tawi (station code JAT) that is connected with major cities of India. During the 1947 Jammu massacres, which preceded and continued during the Pakistan tribal invasion of Kashmir, many Muslims were killed and the rest driven away to Pakistan. Le port du masque est obligatoire au contact du personnel et le lavage régulier des … De notre côté nous assurons une désinfection complète des lieux avant et après le séjour. Jammu is located at 32°44′N 74°52′E / 32.73°N 74.87°E / 32.73; 74.87. Jammu detectives agency has a wide network of 600 full time and 1000 part time private detectives / investigators / spies offering a wide array of services round the clock in Jammu, India. There also are small minorities of Sikhs and Buddhists. Jammu and Kashmir - Jammu and Kashmir - People: The cultural, ethnic, and linguistic composition of Jammu and Kashmir varies across the state by region. National Highway 44 which passes through Jammu connects it to the Kashmir valley. Situé principalement dans les montagnes de l'Himalaya, le Jammu-et-Cachemire était frontalier de l'Himachal Pradesh et du Pendjab au sud, de la Chine au nord-est et est séparé des territoires contrôlés par le Pakistan par la Ligne de contrôle. Pre-Independence the city was the seat of the powerful Dogra dynasty, whose palaces remain the city's most appealing sights. The urban agglomeration of Jammu had a population of 657,314. [18], After the decline of the Mughal power in the 18th century, the Jammu state under Raja Dhruv Dev of the Jamuwal (Jamwal) family asserted its supremacy among all the Dugar states. As of 2011 census,[30] the population of Jammu city was 502,197. In summer, particularly in May and June, extremely intense sunlight or hot winds can raise the temperature to 46 °C (115 °F). Education in Jammu, Universities in Jammu, Colleges in Jammu, Career Guide,Entrance Exams in Jammu - by Jammu.shiksha (2011) Densité 56,47 hab./km²: Fuseau: UTC+05:30 : Localisation: 33°27′0″N 76°14′24″E. [17], Jammu is mentioned by name in the chronicles of Timur (r. 1370–1406), who invaded Delhi in 1398 and returned to Samarkand via Jammu. Avec Jammu Lakshmana Rao et d ’ autres personnes que vous pouvez connaître Jammu city has become a.! Cachemire par train % of the union territory around this time ’ accueil à la du! Institutes and many more gare de Jammu et son centre économique upgraded of! 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